For all my research I searched the web a lot. I found a lot of good informations from a lot of different sites. The Mapuche culture seems to be pretty well known because there was a lot of valuable information on this culture. I was very interested in finding out as much as I could and the websites below helped made that happen. I enjoyed learning about this interesting culture and how other cultures and countries live.

Thanks for reading 🙂

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References of my Mapuche Research


Mapuche Cultural Survival

There have been constant cases of people supporting the Mapuche culture. They fight for their rights that are threatened everyday by the Chilean government. They want to keep their rights and live solely to their traditions of their culture. They put up big fights against the government or anyone else that tries to take it away from them.

People of the Mapuche culture try to protest and go against the laws that are being enforced on them. They are fighting for their land, to save their language, and their cultural ways. This may lead to violence or being put in prison. The government wants everyone to obey their rules and the Mapuche are not giving in. There are been a lot of consequences because of this and it is only getting worse.



Mapuche Interview

For my interview with a Mapuche individual I could not find anyone who would resound to me on any social media. Therefore, I have a distant friend who’s father was born and spent most of his child and teen years living in Chile. He lived in Coquimbo which is just north of where the Mapuche claim residency. He had met a lot of Mapuche individuals and knew the culture pretty well. I chose to interview him because he knew the answers to the questions I was curious about. 

The first question I asked was if the Mapuche people are still living in teepee and in poverty? He replied with yes and no. Most of the people of the Mapuche culture have moved to more urban areas to find better jobs and make a better living. They were not making enough money just trying to live off the land and selling the goods they made. Even though most have become more developed, some have stuck to the traditional ways of living off the land and getting by with whatever they can. Some refuse to give into what the government wants and want to remain true to their culture. 

The next question I asked was about marriage. When I was researching I did not find a lot about marriage within the Mapuche culture so I was curious about the traditions. He told me that from what he knows, marriage is a lot about power. The male steals his wife during the night and then makes sure she is a good match for him. If he wants her the male and females families come together and discuss a price for the new bride. Then during the wedding ceremony they get married on the brides land and then the celebration is on the males land, which could last up to 3 or 4 days. He also told me that the male was allowed to have more then one wife but the first wife always had the most power over the rest.


The next and final questions I asked him was about children and child birth. He did not know a lot about the birthing process but he did know about the power that came along with each child. Once the wife is pregnant she gains more power within the husbands family, before kids she does not have much power. The more kids you have the more power you gain from each child. If they have a girl it is welcomed into the family but if there is a male born then that calls for a celebration. Also if the women has a child that lives longer then an infant that is also praised and lets them gain more power as well. 


I enjoyed finding out new information about the culture I have been researching. It was fun to get another person perspective of the culture especially someone who grew up very close to the area and the people.


Mapuche Migration

The Mapuche culture only makes up 5% of the population but is one of the most important ethnic minorities. They are recognized by other groups for their fierce resistance. In the 12th century they migrated from Patagonia to Chile. They landed in the western coast of Chile and settled in their fertile valleys. At this point in time they started out as nomads and fisherman. Later in the 19th century they were forced to give up their land to the government. 


The Mapuche fight for their rights everyday and sense they were taken over by the government they have been living in poverty. Due to this, many have moved to more populated areas and cities to find jobs and live better lives. There are still about 3,000 remaining in smaller communities in south Chile and Argentina. They stay true to their traditions, language and fight for their rights everyday. 


The groups that still live in the traditional way are being threaten everyday by companies trying to take their homes. Logging and forest compaies are the ones that want the Mapuche’s land for their business. This is mostly taking place in the northern sections around Traiguen and Lumaco. Even today the Mapuche are still far from having the same rights as the rest of the population. 


The Mapuche and their Neighbors

The Mapuche people do not have a very good relationship with their neighboring cultures. Due to the growth in they economic status, other cultures want what they have. They seem to be trying to take what they have and not in a very pleasant way. The Mapuche and their neighboring cultures are experiencing rural confrontation and violence among them due to this fight for more land and goods that the other may have. 

Approximately one-third of the Mapuche people live below the poverty line. This is due to the lack of education and the way they migrate across the land. The reason they migrate is for farming and cattle purposes. This causes them to come in contact with other cultures surrounding them and it does not always go over so well. When they come in contact with other cultures they may find other individuals that are more educated then them, therefore raising the steaks for a job. This contributes a lot to the poverty rate and get very little money for the jobs they can do, such as sewing or cooking. 




Mapuche Birds

The Mapuche culture is know as the “people of the land” therefore they have a close relationship to nature and the wildlife around them. They have a strong connection with their environment and are able to communicate with the birds. They believe that humans were all once birds and that they all represent some type of the species. They also believe that their language, Mapudungun, symbolizes their intimate relationship with the land. It is more common for them to hear the birds then to see that and that is why they communicate through sounds.

The Mapuche connect the most with the hummingbird and the bumblebee. They believe that is how they have survive in the Austral forest for thousands of years. They feel that each person has a bird that is just like they are. They say if you look closely at a birds eye they look just like humans do. Whenever someone of the Mapuche culture sees a bird they try to draw that same bird, colors and all. They want to know everything about the land, especially the birds. 

They feel that different types of birds represent different things. The hummingbird to them is the most significant and represents water. They think that the hummingbird commands that water should be shared between all human and biotic communities. This will maintain social and ecological well-being throughout the communities. They believe in respecting the lives of each individual and diverse bird. They provide water and respect their land because they feel they are very closely related to humans.


The Mapuche Cosmos

In the Mapuche culture the cosmos are split up into seven levels in space. There are four upper platforms and three lower platforms. The four upper platforms are known to be more beneficial spirits and ancestors. In between the platforms and the terrestrial there is evil. The Malefical spirit lives here or also know as the Wecufe. The Wecufe allow evil to enter the human body, such as diseases or other super natural things they believe in. 

Another platform of the Cosmos is the Earthy platform, which is the land of the Mapuche. They believe that both the good and evil platforms effect their human spirits. They then think the evil spirits will travel to the earth. The last platform that the Mapuche culture believe is the Underground platform. The platform houses the Caftrache men, which are evil dwarf men. The Mapuche culture lives by these platforms and believes that there is good and evil in the world. They try to do no wrong and live their lives as worshipers of the platforms and rules they abide by.